Susceptibility of Dermacentor reticulatus tick to repellents containing different active ingrediens

Przegl Epidemiol. 2019;73(1):117-125. doi: 10.32394/pe.73.13.


Introduction: Ticks are vectors of human and animal diseases.

Materials and methods: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of four different formulations containing DEET, Icaridin, IR3535 and mix of three compounds: DEET, IR3535 and geraniol, against Dermacentor reticulatus ticks.

Results: The repellent effectiveness of these products to adult ticks was different. At 90 minutes after application the repellent A (DEET 30%), repellent D (DEET 30%, IR3535 20%, geraniol 0.1%) and repellent G (IR3535 12%) exhibited a 100% effectiveness in protection against ticks, but the efficacy of repellent C (Icaridin 20%) dropped to 95%.

Discussion: DEET is considered by many authors to be the ‘gold’ standard of insect repellents, and we have also confirmed this in our studies with Dermacentor reticulatus. DEET expressed the higher repellency after 7 hours of application (90%) comparing to other formulation - repellent D containing DEET 30%, IR3535 20% and geraniol 0.1%, whose effectiveness dropped to 60%. Repellents C (Icaridin 20%) and G (IR3535 12%) were effective only up to four hours after application (the efficacy was 85% and 40%, respectively).

Conclusions: DEET has proven to be the most effective repellent against Dermacentor reticulatus ticks.

Keywords: repellents; ticks; Dermacentor reticulatus.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Animals
  • DEET / pharmacology*
  • Dermacentor / drug effects*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Piperidines / pharmacology*
  • Propionates / pharmacology*


  • Piperidines
  • Propionates
  • DEET
  • ethyl-3-(N-n-butyl-N-acetyl)aminopropionate
  • picaridin