Equivalent Circuit Model Viewed From Receiver Side in Human Body Communication

IEEE Trans Biomed Circuits Syst. 2019 Aug;13(4):746-755. doi: 10.1109/TBCAS.2019.2918323. Epub 2019 May 22.


Human body communication (HBC) is a signal transmission method that uses the human body as a part of the transmission path. The incoming signal through the receiver electrode can be modeled as a signal from a signal source, which consists of the equivalent signal source voltage and output impedance. These values are important parameters for analyzing the transmission characteristics of HBC as well as for designing the front-end circuit of the receiver. In this paper, an equivalent circuit model of signal transmission from a transmitter on the human body to an off-body receiver touched by a finger was constructed. The ground electrode of the transmitter was in contact with the human body. This is a different configuration compared to capacitive HBC configurations that leave the ground electrode floating. The relationship between the received signal voltage and the distance between the transmitter's electrodes, the size of the receiver ground, and the transmitter-receiver distance were evaluated. Results were analyzed by using the equivalent circuit model. The transmitter-receiver distance and the distance between the transmitter's electrodes were both independently related to the equivalent signal source voltage. The receiver ground size which was related to the capacitive coupling between the receiver ground and the human body was related to the equivalent output impedance.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Communication
  • Electric Capacitance
  • Electric Power Supplies*
  • Electrodes
  • Female
  • Human Body
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Models, Theoretical*
  • Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted