Oral Ingestion of Deep Ocean Minerals Increases High-Intensity Intermittent Running Capacity in Soccer Players after Short-Term Post-Exercise Recovery: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Crossover Trial

Mar Drugs. 2019 May 24;17(5):309. doi: 10.3390/md17050309.


This study examined whether deep ocean mineral (DOM) supplementation improved high-intensity intermittent running capacity after short-term recovery from an initial bout of prolonged high-intensity running in thermoneutral environmental conditions. Nine healthy recreational male soccer players (age: 22 ± 1 y; stature: 181 ± 5 cm; and body mass 80 ± 11 kg) completed a graded incremental test to ascertain peak oxygen uptake (V·O2PEAK), two familiarisation trials, and two experimental trials following a double-blind, repeated measures, crossover and counterbalanced design. All trials were separated by seven days and at ambient room temperature (i.e., 20 °C). During the 2 h recovery period after the initial ~60 min running at 75% V·O2PEAK, participants were provided with 1.38 ± 0.51 L of either deep ocean mineral water (DOM) or a taste-matched placebo (PLA), both mixed with 6% sucrose. DOM increased high-intensity running capacity by ~25% compared to PLA. There were no differences between DOM and PLA for blood lactate concentration, blood glucose concentration, or urine osmolality. The minerals and trace elements within DOM, either individually or synergistically, appear to have augmented high-intensity running capacity in healthy, recreationally active male soccer players after short-term recovery from an initial bout of prolonged, high-intensity running in thermoneutral environmental conditions.

Keywords: deep ocean minerals; exercise capacity; football; high-intensity intermittent running; recovery; soccer.

Publication types

  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Adult
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mineral Waters / administration & dosage
  • Minerals / administration & dosage
  • Minerals / pharmacology*
  • Oceans and Seas
  • Placebos / pharmacology
  • Running / physiology*
  • Seawater / chemistry
  • Soccer / physiology*
  • Sports Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / drug effects*
  • Young Adult


  • Mineral Waters
  • Minerals
  • Placebos