Constructing a Shared Mental Model for Feedback Conversations: Faculty Workshop Using Video Vignettes Developed by Residents

MedEdPORTAL. 2019 May 1;15:10821. doi: 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10821.


Introduction: Providing feedback is a fundamental principle in medical education; however, as educators, our community lacks the necessary skills to give meaningful, impactful feedback to those under our supervision. By improving our feedback-giving skills, we provide concrete ways for trainees to optimize their performance, ultimately leading to better patient care.

Methods: In this faculty development workshop, faculty groups used six feedback video vignettes scripted, enacted, and produced by residents to arrive at a shared mental model of feedback. During workshop development, we used qualitative analysis for faculty narratives combined with the findings from a focused literature review to define dimensions of feedback.

Results: Twenty-three faculty (physical medicine and rehabilitation and neurology) participated in seven small-group workshops. Analysis of group discussion notes yielded 343 codes that were collapsed into 25 coding categories. After incorporating the results of a focused literature review, we identified 48 items grouped into 10 dimensions of feedback. Online session evaluation indicated that faculty members liked the workshop's format and thought they were better at providing feedback to residents as a result of the workshop.

Discussion: Small faculty groups were able to develop a shared mental model of dimensions of feedback that was also grounded in medical education literature. The theme of specificity of feedback was prominent and echoed recent medical education research findings. Defining performance expectations for feedback providers in the form of a practical and psychometrically sound rubric can enhance reliable scoring of feedback performance assessments and should be the next step in our work.

Keywords: Faculty Development; Feedback; Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation; Workshop.

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Competence / standards*
  • Educational Measurement
  • Faculty, Medical / psychology*
  • Feedback*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency*
  • Male
  • Models, Psychological*
  • Neurology / education
  • Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine / education
  • Review Literature as Topic
  • Staff Development*
  • Videotape Recording