Background: Female urethral stricture disease is under-recognized and is often treated with dilation despite poor definitive outcomes. Our objective was to describe a multi-institutional experience treating female urethral stricture disease with female dorsal onlay buccal mucosa graft (FD-BMG) urethroplasty outcomes.
Methods: We retrospectively identified 39 consecutive FD-BMG urethroplasty operations performed by 6 reconstructive surgeons from 12/2007 to 1/2016. Surgical technique included dorsally-placed buccal mucosal grafts in all cases. Stricture recurrence was defined by cystoscopy.
Results: Mean age was 50 (range, 29-81) years. Stricture etiology was unknown (49%), iatrogenic (36%), or trauma/straddle injury (15%). A majority of women (87%) women had undergone a prior stricture-related urethral procedure(s) before the surgeons' index urethroplasty. Mean stricture length was 2.1 cm and mean caliber was 11 Fr. Mean postoperative follow-up was 33 (range, 7-106) months. Postoperative complications within 30 days were seen in 7 individuals (18%) and were all Clavien-Dindo grade II. Stricture recurrence was seen in 9 (23%) patients, with mean time to recurrence 14 months. No patients experienced de novo incontinence.
Conclusions: FD-BMG urethroplasty is a safe and effective management option for female urethral strictures. Referral to a reconstructive center is encouraged to avoid repeated unnecessary endoscopic procedures that have poor definitive success.
Keywords: Stricture; female; reconstruction; urethra.