Aims/introduction: Transplantation of stem cells promotes axonal regeneration and angiogenesis in a paracrine manner. In the present study, we examined whether the secreted factors in conditioned medium of stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED-CM) had beneficial effects on diabetic polyneuropathy in mice.
Materials and methods: Conditioned medium of stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth was collected 48 h after culturing in serum-free Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM), and separated into four fractions according to molecular weight. Dorsal root ganglion neurons from C57BL/6J mice were cultured with SHED-CM or DMEM to evaluate the effect on neurite outgrowth. Streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice were injected with 100 μL of SHED-CM or DMEM into the unilateral hindlimb muscles twice a week over a period of 4 weeks. Peripheral nerve functions were evaluated by the plantar test, and motor and sensory nerve conduction velocities. Intraepidermal nerve fiber densities, capillary number-to-muscle fiber ratio, capillary blood flow and morphometry of sural nerves were also evaluated.
Results: Conditioned medium of stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth significantly promoted neurite outgrowth of dorsal root ganglion neurons compared with DMEM. Among four fractions of SHED-CM, the only fraction of <6 kDa promoted the neurite outgrowth of dorsal root ganglion neurons. In addition, SHED-CM significantly prevented decline in sensory nerve conduction velocities compared with DMEM in diabetic mice. Although SHED-CM did not improve intraepidermal nerve fiber densities or morphometry of sural nerves, SHED-CM ameliorated the capillary number-to-muscle fiber ratio and capillary blood flow.
Conclusions: These results suggested that SHED-CM might have a therapeutic effect on diabetic polyneuropathy through promoting neurite outgrowth, and the increase in capillaries might contribute to the improvement of neural function.
Keywords: Conditioned medium; Diabetic polyneuropathy; Stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth.
© 2019 The Authors Journal of Diabetes Investigation published by Asian Association for the Study of Diabetes (AASD) and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.