Nasogastric Tube Feeding Experiences in Pediatric Oncology Patients and Their Mothers: A Qualitative Study

Gastroenterol Nurs. May/Jun 2019;42(3):286-293. doi: 10.1097/SGA.0000000000000385.


The aim of this qualitative research study is to reveal children's and their mothers' views and experiences related to nasogastric tube feeding, which is the most frequently performed nutrition delivery method in pediatric oncology. The present study was carried out at an university pediatric oncology inpatient service. A total of three children and 14 mothers participated in the study. The analysis of the data was conducted according to Kolcaba's Comfort Theory. The findings resulting from the content analysis were explained under four main themes: (1) physical: includes the inability to be fed orally, nasogastric tube intervention, comfort because of feeding, medication administration, and satisfaction; (2) psychospiritual: includes anxiety, fear, distorted body image, and compliance; (3) sociocultural: includes conflicts with the child about feeding and advice on feeding via the nasogastric tube to other mothers and children; and (4) environmental: includes unrestricted/freedom of feeding. Gastroenterology professionals can also provide basic counseling and resources to children and mothers about the importance of maintaining an optimal weight and of enteral nutrition.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Enteral Nutrition*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Intubation, Gastrointestinal*
  • Male
  • Mothers / psychology*
  • Neoplasms
  • Nutritional Status
  • Patient Comfort*
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Qualitative Research