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, 59 (8), 2567-2574

Ten Years of TRALI Mitigation: Measuring Our Progress


Ten Years of TRALI Mitigation: Measuring Our Progress

Sarah Vossoughi et al. Transfusion.


Background: Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a leading cause of transfusion-associated mortality for which multiple mitigation strategies have been implemented over the past decade. However, product-specific TRALI rates have not been reported longitudinally and may help refine additional mitigation strategies.

Study design and methods: This retrospective multicenter study included analysis of TRALI rates from 2007 through 2017. Numerators included definite or probable TRALI reports from five blood centers serving nine states in the United States. Denominators were components distributed from participating centers. Rates were calculated as per 100,000 components distributed (p < 0.05 significant).

Results: One hundred four TRALI cases were reported from 10,012,707 components distributed (TRALI rate of 1.04 per 100,000 components). The TRALI rate was 2.25 for female versus 1.08 for male donated components (p < .001). The TRALI rate declined from 2.88 in 2007 to 0.60 in 2017. From 2007 to 2013, there was a significantly higher TRALI rate associated with female versus male plasma (33.85 vs. 1.59; p < 0.001) and RBCs (1.97 vs. 1.15; p = 0.03). From 2014 through 2017, after implementation of mitigation strategies, a significantly higher TRALI rate only from female-donated plateletpheresis continued to be observed (2.98 vs. 0.75; p = 0.04).

Conclusion: Although the TRALI rates have substantially decreased secondary to multiple strategies over the past decade, a residual risk remains, particularly with female-donated plateletpheresis products. Additional tools that may further mitigate TRALI incidence include the use of buffy coat pooled platelets suspended in male donor plasma or platelet additive solution due to the lower amounts of residual plasma.

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