Microperimetry in Three Inherited Retinal Disorders

Semin Ophthalmol. 2019;34(4):334-339. doi: 10.1080/08820538.2019.1622025. Epub 2019 May 30.


Objective: Microperimetry (MP) is used to assess visual sensitivity mediated by the central retina. As such, MP performance is a candidate outcome measure for gene therapy trials. Herein, we review MP results in three inherited retinal disorders for which gene therapy trials have been initiated-choroideremia, Stargardt disease, and X-linked juvenile retinoschisis. Each of these disorders typically presents in childhood and each has distinct effects on the central retina. Outcomes and Results: Our review indicates that microperimetry is feasible in each of these conditions. The MP sensitivity maps vary among conditions consistent with known effects of each of the three conditions. There is, however, within each of the three disorders considerable variability in fixation stability and in the pattern of sensitivity loss. Conclusions: Microperimetry is a valuable tool for monitoring functional aspects of central retina in an individual patient, especially in combination with other modalities such as OCT, autofluorescence, and acuity and thus may contribute to evaluating the efficacy of gene treatments. Variability of the MP parameters raises some cautions in application of MP as an outcome measure in treatment trials that may have small sample sizes. Nonetheless, we suspect that MP will continue to have a rightful place in future gene therapy trials.

Keywords: Clinical trials; microperimetry; retinal function.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Choroideremia / diagnosis
  • Choroideremia / physiopathology*
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Fixation, Ocular / physiology
  • Humans
  • Macular Degeneration / congenital*
  • Macular Degeneration / diagnosis
  • Macular Degeneration / physiopathology
  • Retinoschisis / diagnosis
  • Retinoschisis / physiopathology*
  • Stargardt Disease
  • Visual Field Tests / methods*
  • Visual Fields / physiology*