Anxiolytic-like action of the 3-PPP enantiomers in the Vogel conflict paradigm

Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1987;92(3):371-5. doi: 10.1007/BF00210846.


The effect of the (+)- and (-)-enantiomers of 3-PPP [conventional and atypical dopamine (DA)-receptor active agent, respectively] were investigated in a commonly used animal model of anxiety: the Vogel licking-conflict test. Low doses (less than or equal to 0.5 mg/kg SC) of both 3-PPP enantiomers resulted in anti-conflict (= anxiolytic-like) actions in this test. (-)-3-PPP proved to be almost as potent as apomorphine in releasing the punished responding (minimum effective doses; (-)-3-PPP: 0.016, and apomorphine: 0.006 mg/kg SC), whereas (+)-3-PPP was about 10 times less effective than apomorphine. In the higher dose range (greater than or equal to 1.0 mg/kg), both 3-PPP enantiomers instead induced an apparent "pro"-conflict effect; i.e. decreased responding to a level significantly below baseline, thus resulting in a biphasic dose-response curve. Simple alterations in the animals' motivation to drink, in shock threshold or in motor capabilities did not seem to be major explanatory factors either for the anti- or for the "pro"-conflict effects. With regard to the latter, the possibility is discussed of an interaction between the experimental test situation and non conflict-related effects of the drugs, thus interfering with the punished drinking. The findings are interpreted within the concept that low doses of the 3-PPP enantiomers, in particular (-)-3-PPP, may attenuate anxiety-elicited increases in the neurotransmission in certain meso-cortical/limbic DA pathways, i.e. consistent with the previously shown preferentially "limbic" net antidopaminergic profile of action of (-)-3-PPP.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arousal / drug effects*
  • Avoidance Learning / drug effects*
  • Conflict, Psychological*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drinking / drug effects*
  • Male
  • Piperidines / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Receptors, Dopamine / drug effects*
  • Stereoisomerism


  • Piperidines
  • Receptors, Dopamine
  • preclamol