The role of ghrelin and tumor necrosis factor alpha in diazinon-induced dyslipidemia: insights into energy balance regulation

Pestic Biochem Physiol. 2019 Jun;157:138-142. doi: 10.1016/j.pestbp.2019.03.013. Epub 2019 Mar 19.


The evidence shows that organophosphate compounds (OPCs), as toxic agents that stimulate the cholinergic system, can increase the incidence of metabolic disorders such as dyslipidemia. In the present study, we focused on the role of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and serum leptin and ghrelin in Diazinon (DZN)-induced dyslipidemia. The rats were randomly divided into five groups comprising eight animals, and all were treated via oral gavage for 28 consecutive days as follows: group one received only corn oil daily, while groups two through five received different doses of DZN dissolved in corn oil equal to 1/40, 1/20, 1/10 and 1/5 of the LD50 daily, respectively. The alteration of the serum lipid profile, such as triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), was confirmed the occurrence of dyslipidemia in the range of doses 1/20-1/5 LD50 of DZN. Although no changes were found in the serum leptin levels, a significant increase was observed in the size of adipocytes, as well as in the TNF-α and ghrelin serum levels, and in the accumulation of epididymal fat, especially at a dose of 1/5 LD50 of DZN. It seems that interactions among the inflammatory reaction, cholinergic pathways and ghrelin secretion may be effective causes of DZN-induced dyslipidemia.

Keywords: Diazinon; Dyslipidemia; Ghrelin; Leptin; Organophosphorus.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antioxidants
  • Butyrylcholinesterase / blood
  • Diazinon / pharmacology*
  • Dyslipidemias / blood*
  • Dyslipidemias / chemically induced*
  • Ghrelin / blood*
  • Leptin / blood
  • Lipid Peroxidation / drug effects
  • Lipid Peroxidation / physiology
  • Male
  • Organophosphorus Compounds / pharmacology
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects
  • Oxidative Stress / physiology
  • Rats
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / blood*


  • Antioxidants
  • Ghrelin
  • Leptin
  • Organophosphorus Compounds
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Butyrylcholinesterase
  • Diazinon