Therapeutic Regeneration of Lymphatic and Immune Cell Functions upon Lympho-organoid Transplantation

Stem Cell Reports. 2019 Jun 11;12(6):1260-1268. doi: 10.1016/j.stemcr.2019.04.021. Epub 2019 May 30.


Lymph nodes (LNs) are secondary lymphoid tissues that play a critical role in filtering the lymph and promoting adaptive immune responses. Surgical resection of LNs, radiation therapy, or infections may damage lymphatic vasculature and compromise immune functions. Here, we describe the generation of functional synthetic lympho-organoids (LOs) using LN stromal progenitors and decellularized extracellular matrix-based scaffolds, two basic constituents of secondary lymphoid tissues. We show that upon transplantation at the site of resected LNs, LOs become integrated into the endogenous lymphatic vasculature and efficiently restore lymphatic drainage and perfusion. Upon immunization, LOs support the activation of antigen-specific immune responses, thus acquiring properties of native lymphoid tissues. These findings provide a proof-of-concept strategy for the development of functional lympho-organoids suitable for restoring lymphatic and immune cell functions.

Keywords: lymphatic system; lympho-organoids; lymphoid tissue development; preclinical mouse models; stromal cell biology; tissue engineering; tissue regeneration.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cells, Immobilized* / metabolism
  • Cells, Immobilized* / transplantation
  • Extracellular Matrix* / chemistry
  • Extracellular Matrix* / transplantation
  • Lymph Nodes* / metabolism
  • Lymph Nodes* / transplantation
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Organoids* / metabolism
  • Organoids* / transplantation
  • Regeneration*
  • Tissue Scaffolds / chemistry*