Blood Flow Restriction Exercise: Considerations of Methodology, Application, and Safety

Front Physiol. 2019 May 15:10:533. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2019.00533. eCollection 2019.


The current manuscript sets out a position stand for blood flow restriction (BFR) exercise, focusing on the methodology, application and safety of this mode of training. With the emergence of this technique and the wide variety of applications within the literature, the aim of this position stand is to set out a current research informed guide to BFR training to practitioners. This covers the use of BFR to enhance muscular strength and hypertrophy via training with resistance and aerobic exercise and preventing muscle atrophy using the technique passively. The authorship team for this article was selected from the researchers focused in BFR training research with expertise in exercise science, strength and conditioning and sports medicine.

Keywords: BFR exercise; blood flow restriction exercise; kaatsu training; occlusion training; resistance training.

Publication types

  • Review