In-depth Analysis of the Lid Subunits Assembly Mechanism in Mammals

Biomolecules. 2019 May 31;9(6):213. doi: 10.3390/biom9060213.


The 26S proteasome is a key player in the degradation of ubiquitinated proteins, comprising a 20S core particle (CP) and a 19S regulatory particle (RP). The RP is further divided into base and lid subcomplexes, which are assembled independently from each other. We have previously demonstrated the assembly pathway of the CP and the base by observing assembly intermediates resulting from knockdowns of each proteasome subunit and the assembly chaperones. In this study, we examine the assembly pathway of the mammalian lid, which remains to be elucidated. We show that the lid assembly pathway is conserved between humans and yeast. The final step is the incorporation of Rpn12 into the assembly intermediate consisting of two modular complexes, Rpn3-7-15 and Rpn5-6-8-9-11, in both humans and yeast. Furthermore, we dissect the assembly pathways of the two modular complexes by the knockdown of each lid subunit.

Keywords: 19S regulatory particle; 26S proteasome; Rpn proteins; assembly; lid subcomplex.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Gene Knockdown Techniques
  • HEK293 Cells
  • Humans
  • Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex / chemistry*
  • Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex / metabolism*
  • Protein Subunits / chemistry*
  • Protein Subunits / deficiency
  • Protein Subunits / genetics
  • Protein Subunits / metabolism*
  • RNA Interference
  • RNA, Small Interfering / genetics


  • Protein Subunits
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
  • ATP dependent 26S protease