A CMOS Compatible Pyroelectric Mid-Infrared Detector Based on Aluminium Nitride

Sensors (Basel). 2019 May 31;19(11):2513. doi: 10.3390/s19112513.


The detection of infrared radiation is of great interest for a wide range of applications, such as absorption sensing in the infrared spectral range. In this work, we present a CMOS compatible pyroelectric detector which was devised as a mid-infrared detector, comprising aluminium nitride (AlN) as the pyroelectric material and fabricated using semiconductor mass fabrication processes. To ensure thermal decoupling of the detector, the detectors are realized on a Si3N4/SiO2 membrane. The detectors have been tested at a wavelength close to the CO2 absorption region in the mid-infrared. Devices with various detector and membrane sizes were fabricated and the influence of these dimensions on the performance was investigated. The noise equivalent power of the first demonstrator devices connected to a readout circuit was measured to be as low as 5 . 3 × 10 - 9 W / Hz .

Keywords: mid-infrared detector; pyroelectric detector; silicon photonics.