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, 29 (7), 1501-1509

Femoral Tunnel Position in Chronic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture Reconstruction: Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Anatomic, Biomechanical and Clinical Outcomes

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Femoral Tunnel Position in Chronic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture Reconstruction: Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Anatomic, Biomechanical and Clinical Outcomes

Joan Minguell et al. Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol.

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes between anteromedial (AM) and transtibial (TT) femoral tunnel positioning techniques for the reconstruction of chronic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture.

Materials and methods: It is a randomized prospective study of 106 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction because of a chronic ACL rupture (55 AMT, 51 TT). Minimum follow-up was 2 years. Demographic, clinical and radiological data, including MRI grafts' anatomy and biomechanics intraoperative navigation system evaluation, were analyzed. Also, International Knee Documentation Committee score, Tegner Knee score, Lysholm Knee Score, Short-Form Health Survey and 4-point Likert Scale were evaluated.

Results: The AM technique achieves a more anatomic graft than TT technique in both sagittal and coronal plane (6° approximately). Immediate postoperative biomechanical evaluation of the graft showed both techniques significantly improved translational and rotational laxity (p = 0.000). AMT showed superiority only in controlling internal rotation (p = 0.016). Both techniques reported significant improvement in all evaluated score scales, without differences between techniques. Independently of the femoral tunnel positioning technique, patients with cartilage lesion had worse clinical outcomes.

Conclusions: Our findings suggest that AMT achieves a more anatomical and biomechanically accurate graft allowing better control over internal rotation laxity; however, this does not lead to better clinical outcomes if we compare with TT in the reconstruction of chronic ACL rupture. Patients with chronic ACL rupture and cartilage lesion had worse clinical outcomes, independently the femoral tunnel positioning technique.

Keywords: Anterior cruciate ligament; Anteromedial technique; Navigation; Surgery; Transtibial technique.

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