Lorente de Nó: From Neuroanatomy to Neurophysiology

Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2020 May;303(5):1221-1231. doi: 10.1002/ar.24190. Epub 2019 Jun 19.


Rafael Lorente de Nó (1902-1990) was the youngest and last of Santiago Ramón y Cajal's students. With Fernando de Castro, Lorente de Nó helped to transition the focus of Ramón y Cajal's School from neuroanatomy to neurophysiology. His main contributions to neuroscience concerned the cytoarchitecture of the cerebral isocortex and hippocampus, neural networks, central vestibular system anatomy, vestibulo-ocular reflex physiology, cochlear nuclei anatomy, and synaptic transmission mechanisms. This article pays tribute to the memory of Lorente de Nó by providing a comprehensive review of the life and work of this giant of neuroscience. Anat Rec, 303:1221-1231, 2020. © 2019 American Association for Anatomy.

Keywords: Ramón y Cajal; Spanish Neurohistological school; cerebral cortex; history of cybernetics; history of neuro-otology; history of neurosciences.

Publication types

  • Biography
  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • History, 20th Century
  • Humans
  • Neuroanatomy / history*
  • Neurophysiology / history*
  • Spain

Personal name as subject

  • Rafael Lorente de Nó