Lung adenocarcinoma is the most prevalent type of lung cancer with a high incidence and mortality worldwide. Metastasis is the major cause of high death rate in lung cancer and the potential mechanism of lung adenocarcinoma metastasis remains indistinct. Emerging investigations have demonstrated that long noncoding RNA is a kind of non-protein coding RNA and plays a critical role in cancer progression and metastasis. TTN antisense RNA 1 (TTN-AS1) has been reported to promote cell growth and metastasis in cancer. However, the function of TTN-AS1 in lung adenocarcinoma is still to be illustrated. In this study, we observed that TTN-AS1 was upregulated in tissues and cells of lung adenocarcinoma and associated with poor overall survival. TTN-AS1 promoted cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition in lung cancer. TTN-AS1 directly bound with miR-4677-3p and negatively regulated miR-4677-3p. MiR-4677-3p rescued the inhibitive impacts of TTN-AS1 knockdown on lung adenocarcinoma. Furthermore, zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) was the target of miR-4677-3p, and TTN-AS1 modulated ZEB1 by competing for miR-4677-3p. TTN-AS1 drove the invasion and migration of lung adenocarcinoma cells by targeting the miR-4677-3p/ZEB1 axis. To sum up, our study offers insights into the mechanism of TTN-AS1 in lung adenocarcinoma metastasis and targeting the TTN-AS1/miR-4677-3p/ZEB1 axis may be the potential innovate therapeutic strategy for the patients with lung adenocarcinoma.
Keywords: TTN-AS1; ZEB1; lncRNA; lung adenocarcinoma; metastasis; miR-4677-3p.
© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.