Leukodystrophies and genetic leukoencephalopathies are a large group of genetic disorders affecting central nervous system white matter. They can begin at any age, however this study focuses on disorders beginning in childhood and adolescence. We discuss the recent definitions, classifications, and classic syndromes, as well as genetic progress in the field through the identification of new genes and several new genetic syndromes.
Keywords: Demyelination; Genetic leukoencephalopathies; Hypomyelination; Leuko-vasculopathies; Leukodystrophies; Myelin disorders; Myelin vacuolization.
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