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Review
, 8 (4), 333-339

Insights on the Influence of Sugar Taxes on Obesity Prevention Efforts

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Review

Insights on the Influence of Sugar Taxes on Obesity Prevention Efforts

Melissa A Fernandez et al. Curr Nutr Rep.

Abstract

Purpose of review: This review will present the latest evidence on the impacts of sugar taxes on obesity with a focus on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB).

Recent findings: Evidence of direct impacts of SSB taxation policies on obesity prevalence continues to be limited. Natural experiments involving SSB taxation policies implemented in Mexico and Berkley, CA, indicate that this type of intervention alters beverage consumption patterns. Naturalistic evidence in combination with modeling studies suggests that SSB taxation is a viable anti-obesity policy. However, researchers and public health practitioners need to be vigilant of industry tactics to curtail SSB lowering efforts. To maximize the impacts of SSB taxation, it should be combined with interventions that increase access to non-sweetened beverages, educate consumers about alternative healthy beverages, and explore taxation of other non-nutritive foods and beverages. Furthermore, both intended and unintended consequences of interventions should be closely monitored.

Keywords: Obesity; Policy; Public health; Sugar-sweetened beverages; Tax.

Conflict of interest statement

Melissa A. Fernandez and Kim D. Raine declare they have no conflict of interest.

Figures

Fig. 1
Fig. 1
Direct and indirect influences of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) taxes on reducing obesity prevalence

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