[Position statement on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) by the Spanish Society of Hypertension (2019)]

Hipertens Riesgo Vasc. Oct-Dec 2019;36(4):199-212. doi: 10.1016/j.hipert.2019.05.002. Epub 2019 Jun 6.
[Article in Spanish]

Abstract

Conventional blood pressure (BP) measurement in clinical practice is the most used procedure for the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension (HT), but is subject to considerable inaccuracies due to, on the one hand, the inherent variability of the BP itself and, on the other hand biases arising from the measurement technique and conditions, Some studies have demonstrated the prognosis superiority in the development of cardiovascular disease using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). It can also detect "white coat" hypertension, avoiding over-diagnosis and over-treatment in many cases, as well detecting of masked hypertension, avoiding under-detection and under-treatment. ABPM is recognised in the diagnosis and management of HT in most of international guidelines on hypertension. The present document, taking the recommendations of the European Society of Hypertension as a reference, aims to review the more recent evidence on ABPM, and to serve as guidelines for health professionals in their clinical practice and to encourage ABPM use in the diagnosis and follow-up of hypertensive subjects. Requirements, procedure, and clinical indications for using ABPM are provided. An analysis is also made of the main contributions of ABPM in the diagnosis of "white coat" and masked HT phenotypes, short term BP variability patterns, its use in high risk and resistant hypertension, as well as its the role in special population groups like children, pregnancy and elderly. Finally, some aspects about the current situation of the Spanish ABPM Registry and future perspectives in research and potential ABPM generalisation in clinical practice are also discussed.

Keywords: Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring; Blood pressure; Hipertensión arterial; Hypertension; Monitorización ambulatoria de la presión arterial; Presión arterial.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory / methods
  • Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory / standards*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / diagnosis*
  • Software