Lactation Consultation Sustains Breast Milk Intake in Infants With Cystic Fibrosis

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2019 Sep;69(3):358-362. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000002415.


Guidelines recommend breastfeeding in cystic fibrosis (CF) but breastfeeding rates decline rapidly in CF. We initiated a quality improvement project to improve breastfeeding in CF by incorporating International Board-Certified Lactation Consultants (IBCLC) into the initial CF-diagnosis visit to support mothers who were breastfeeding at diagnosis. In the preintervention group, only 8/14 (57%) continued to provide breast milk after the first visit, whereas postintervention, 16/17 (94%) mothers continued to do so (P = 0.03). The duration of any (or partial) breastfeeding increased to an average of 7.7 months from an average of 6.4 months preintervention (P = 0.45). The weight z score and weight-for-length z score at diagnosis showed no change at 6 or 12 months (all comparisons P value >0.05). We conclude that mothers who met with the IBCLC were less likely to quit breastfeeding and hypothesize that lactation support to mothers can prolong the duration of breastfeeding in infants with CF.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Breast Feeding*
  • Consultants*
  • Cystic Fibrosis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Internet
  • Lactation*
  • Male
  • Maternal-Child Health Services / standards
  • Mothers / psychology*
  • Quality Improvement
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Wisconsin