RADIATE - Radial Dysplasia Assessment, Treatment and Aetiology: protocol for the development of a core outcome set using a Delphi survey

Trials. 2019 Jun 10;20(1):339. doi: 10.1186/s13063-019-3459-4.


Background: Radial dysplasia (RD) is a disfiguring, potentially disabling congenital upper limb anomaly. Multiple surgical techniques are in current use, with little agreement on the optimal treatment approach. At present, no core outcome set exists specifically for RD, and the literature is dominated by retrospective case series. A recent systematic review by this group demonstrated significant heterogeneity on which outcomes are measured and how they are measured.

Methods/design: The RADIATE study will conduct a three-round online Delphi process, involving adult RD patients, the parents of children with RD, hand surgeons and hand therapists. The initial list of outcomes was drawn from our recent systematic review and will be supplemented by suggestions from the stakeholder groups. Following the Delphi process, outcomes that meet the consensus in definition will be ratified at a final consensus meeting. We will then follow the COSMIN guidelines to select outcome measurement instruments. Where appropriate, these will overlap with the outcome measures specified in the forthcoming standard set for congenital upper limb anomalies published by the International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement.

Discussion: The Radial Dysplasia Assessment, Treatment and Aetiology (RADIATE) study aims to address the uncertainty in the treatment of RD, and to begin to answer the question 'What is the most appropriate treatment of the forearm and hand for children with RD?' by establishing a core outcome set.

Trial registration: COMET initiative study, 902 . Registered in May 2016.

Keywords: Radial dysplasia, Congenital upper limb anomalies, core outcome set, Congenital hand surgery.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Clinical Protocols
  • Delphi Technique*
  • Hand Deformities, Congenital / diagnosis
  • Hand Deformities, Congenital / etiology
  • Hand Deformities, Congenital / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Radius / abnormalities*
  • Retrospective Studies