Primary tumors of the facial nerve are relatively rare and have a variety of presenting symptoms. This article reviews 248 cases of facial neuroma in the world's literature and adds seven cases that were managed at the Baylor College of Medicine. Facial weakness was most common symptom, with facial spasm or tics, hearing loss, and masses in the external auditory canal also being frequently seen. At surgery, the tympanic, vertical, and labyrinthine segments were the most commonly involved areas. On the basis of this review, general principles have been drawn up to help the clinician in diagnosis and management of this (at times) difficult problem.