Rhino-oculo Cerebral Mucormycosis Resistant to Amphotericin B in a Young Patient With Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Cureus. 2019 Mar 22;11(3):e4295. doi: 10.7759/cureus.4295.

Abstract

Rhino-oculo cerebral mucormycosis (ROCM) is a rare, invasive, and rapidly progressive fungal infection affecting nose, paranasal sinuses and often extending to orbit, brain, and palate. The immunocompromised, more commonly patients with diabetes mellitus, fall victim to this lethal form of fungus. Although the therapeutic approach includes aggressive surgical and medical interventions, ROCM remains a life-threatening infection with poor prognosis. This rare case addresses the outcomes of ROCM in a young patient with delayed diagnosis and resistance to amphotericin B (Ampho B) contributing to dreadful outcomes.

Keywords: amphotericin b; diabetic ketoacidosis; rhinooccularcerebral mucormycosis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports