Preparation, functionalization and characterization of rice husk silica for lipase immobilization via adsorption

Enzyme Microb Technol. 2019 Sep:128:9-21. doi: 10.1016/j.enzmictec.2019.05.001. Epub 2019 May 3.


Silica has been extracted from rice husks via a simple hydrothermal process and functionalized with triethoxy(octyl)silane -OCTES (Octyl-SiO2) and (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane - 3-APTES (Amino-SiO2), with the aim of using it as support to immobilize lipase from Thermomyces lanuginosus (TLL) via adsorption. The supports have been characterized by particle size distribution and elemental analyses, XRD, TGA, SEM, AFM and N2 physisorption so as to confirm their functionalization. Effect of pH, temperature, initial protein loading and contact time on the adsorption process has been systematically evaluated. Maximum immobilized protein loading of 12.3 ± 0.1 mg/g for Amino-SiO2 (5 mM buffer sodium acetate at pH 4.0, 25 °C and initial protein loading of 20 mg/g) and 21.9 ± 0.1 mg/g for Octyl-SiO2 (5 mM buffer sodium acetate at pH 5.0, 25 °C and initial protein loading of 30 mg/g) was observed. However, these biocatalysts presented similar catalytic activity in olive oil emulsion hydrolysis (between 630 and 645 U/g). TLL adsorption was a spontaneous process involving physisorption. Experimental data on Octyl-SiO2 and Amino-SiO2 adsorption were well-fitted to the Langmuir isotherm model. It was also investigated whether these biocatalysts could synthesize cetyl esters via esterification reaction. Thus, it was found that cetyl stearate synthesis required 100-110 min of reaction time to attain maximum conversion percentage (around 94%). Ester productivity of immobilized TLL on Amino-SiO2 was 1.3-3.1 times higher than Octyl-SiO2.

Keywords: Catalytic activity; Characterization; Functionalization; Lipase adsorption; Rice husks; Silica.

MeSH terms

  • Adsorption*
  • Enzymes, Immobilized / metabolism*
  • Eurotiales / enzymology*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Hydrolysis
  • Kinetics
  • Lipase / isolation & purification
  • Lipase / metabolism*
  • Olive Oil / metabolism
  • Oryza / chemistry
  • Silicon Dioxide / isolation & purification
  • Silicon Dioxide / metabolism
  • Temperature


  • Enzymes, Immobilized
  • Olive Oil
  • Silicon Dioxide
  • Lipase