Incidence of sharp and needle-stick injuries and mucocutaneous blood exposure among healthcare workers

Future Microbiol. 2019 Jun:14:27-31. doi: 10.2217/fmb-2018-0239. Epub 2019 Jun 12.


Healthcare workers (HCWs) are exposed to biological hazards on a daily basis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the risks of infection after occupational exposure to blood or body fluids among HCWs operating in the period 2013-2014, in a university hospital of Southern Italy. The frequency of accidents during the 2-year period was always lower than 5%. In 2013, 103 cases occurred; in 2014, the number of injuries had significantly decreased (n = 60). In 2013, an anti-hepatitis B surface antigen protective titer was only found in 70% of cases; in 2014, the subjects with a positive titer rose to 82%. No HCWs showed seroconversion to the main blood-borne pathogens. The implementation of strict prevention measures after the accidents reported in 2013 allowed the significant reduction of the number of injuries in 2014.

Keywords: equipment; precaution; prevention; risk; safety.

MeSH terms

  • Blood-Borne Pathogens
  • Health Personnel / statistics & numerical data*
  • Hospitals, University / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Italy / epidemiology
  • Needlestick Injuries / epidemiology*
  • Needlestick Injuries / prevention & control
  • Occupational Exposure / analysis
  • Occupational Exposure / prevention & control
  • Occupational Exposure / statistics & numerical data*