Keeping it fresh

Elife. 2019 Jun 12:8:e48268. doi: 10.7554/eLife.48268.


Beewolf wasp eggs release nitrogen oxides to provide protection against fungi and other microbes.

Keywords: Philanthus triangulum; antimicrobial strategy; ecology; evolutionary biology; insect egg; mould fungi; nitric oxide; nitric oxide synthase.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bees / microbiology
  • Bees / parasitology*
  • Nitrogen Oxides / metabolism
  • Predatory Behavior
  • Wasps / physiology*


  • Nitrogen Oxides