Golf as Therapy for Individuals With Mental Health or Substance Use Disorders

J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv. 2019 Oct 1;57(10):44-51. doi: 10.3928/02793695-20190528-02. Epub 2019 Jun 12.


The current study was undertaken to explore the experiences of individuals with mental health problems or substance use when introduced to systematic golf activities. The study examined the perceived impact of golf activities on participants' physical and mental health, social contact, and daily activities, as well as their overall evaluation of involvement in a Golf as Therapy group. This qualitative, cross-sectional study gathered data from 12 individual interviews. Qualitative content analysis based on the information from meaning units, subcategories, categories, and themes determined the interpretation of manifest and latent concepts. The findings revealed a positive influence on health and social well-being in addition to positive changes in daily activities. The main theme that arose from the data was Shaping a New Direction in Life, elaborated by the categories of ameliorated physical fitness, creation of a social meeting place, improved focus and concentration, practical help and support, and reduced mental symptom burden. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 57(10), 44-51.].

MeSH terms

  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Exercise Therapy*
  • Female
  • Golf / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / psychology*
  • Mental Disorders / therapy*
  • Qualitative Research
  • Substance-Related Disorders / psychology*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / therapy*