Climate as a risk factor for armed conflict

Nature. 2019 Jul;571(7764):193-197. doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1300-6. Epub 2019 Jun 12.


Research findings on the relationship between climate and conflict are diverse and contested. Here we assess the current understanding of the relationship between climate and conflict, based on the structured judgments of experts from diverse disciplines. These experts agree that climate has affected organized armed conflict within countries. However, other drivers, such as low socioeconomic development and low capabilities of the state, are judged to be substantially more influential, and the mechanisms of climate-conflict linkages remain a key uncertainty. Intensifying climate change is estimated to increase future risks of conflict.

MeSH terms

  • Armed Conflicts / statistics & numerical data*
  • Climate Change / statistics & numerical data
  • Climate*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Risk Reduction Behavior
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Uncertainty