The peripheral immune system is a major regulator of the pathophysiology associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI). While age-at-injury influences recovery from TBI, the differential effects on the peripheral immune response remain unknown. Here, we investigated the effects of TBI on gene expression changes in murine whole blood using RNAseq analysis, gene ontology and network topology-based key driver analysis. Genome-wide comparison of CCI-injured peripheral whole blood showed a significant increase in genes involved in proteolysis and oxidative-reduction processes in juvenile compared to adult. Conversely, a greater number of genes, involved in migration, cytokine-mediated signaling and adhesion, were found reduced in CCI-injured juvenile compared to CCI-injured adult immune cells. Key driver analysis also identified G-protein coupled and novel pattern recognition receptor (PRR), P2RY10, as a central regulator of these genes. Lastly, we found Dectin-1, a c-type lectin PRR to be reduced at the protein level in both naïve neutrophils and on infiltrating immune cells in the CCI-injured juvenile cortex. These findings demonstrate a distinct peripheral inflammatory profile in juvenile mice, which may impact the injury and repair response to brain trauma.