The Effect of SiC Content on Microstructure and Microwave Heating Rate of h-BN/SiC Ceramics Fabricated by Spark Plasma Sintering

Materials (Basel). 2019 Jun 13;12(12):1909. doi: 10.3390/ma12121909.


Hexagonal boron nitride/silicon carbide (h-BN/SiC) ceramics were fabricated by a spark plasma sintering (SPS) method. Phase and microstructure of ceramics were characterized and observed, respectively, using the X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope and electron probe microanalysis. The effect of molar ratios of SiC to h-BN on the microstructure, relative density, hardness, thermal conductivity, and the heating rate by microwaves on the ceramics were investigated. The results showed that the orientation of flake-like h-BN was significantly influenced by SiC content in h-BN/SiC ceramics. With the increasing of SiC content, the h-BN flakes gradually became an isotropic distribution from the preferred orientation aligning in a SPS pressure direction. The relative density of h-BN/SiC ceramics was 97.6 ± 0.9% at a molar ratio of SiC to h-BN of 40/60 mol%. The preferential orientation of h-BN flakes contributed to a relatively high thermal conductivity along the SPS pressure direction, which was beneficial to increasing the heating rate of h-BN/SiC ceramics in microwave fields.

Keywords: hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN); microwave heating; silicon carbide (SiC); spark plasma sintering (SPS).