Does the Patient-Reported Apnea Questionnaire (PRAQ) increase patient-centredness in the daily practice of sleep centres? a mixed-methods study

BMJ Open. 2019 Jun 14;9(6):e025963. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025963.


Objectives: The objective of this exploratory study was to see how the Patient-Reported Apnea Questionnaire (PRAQ) may impact the daily clinical practice of sleep centres, and why it may or may not work as expected. The hypotheses were tested that this patient-reported outcome measure makes patients more aware of which of their health complaints may be related to obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), and that it improves patient-centredness of care by shifting the focus of care away from (only) medical problems towards the individual burden of disease and quality of life.

Design: Mixed methods. The quantitative study (surveys, patient records) was a before-and-after study.

Setting: Three sleep centres in The Netherlands (secondary care).

Participants: 27 patients and 14 healthcare professionals were interviewed. 487 patients completed surveys pre-implementation, and 377 patients completed surveys post-implementation of the PRAQ. For the health records, 125 patients were included in the pre-implementation group, and 124 other patients in the post-implementation group.

Interventions: The PRAQ was used in clinical practice for six successive months.

Outcome measures: Scores on individual survey items, number of patients receiving non-medical treatment, adjustment of treatment at first follow-up, compliance with treatment.

Results: Patients were generally positive about the usefulness of the PRAQ before and during the consultation, as they felt more informed. Healthcare providers did not consider the PRAQ very useful, and they reported minor impact on their consultations. The surveys and health record study did not show an impact of the PRAQ on clinical practice.

Conclusions: Implementing the PRAQ may be beneficial to patients, but this study does not show much impact with regard to patient-centredness of care. New Dutch guidelines for OSA care may lead to a greater emphasis on quality of life and value of care for patients, making its integration in clinical care potentially more useful.

Keywords: obstructive sleep apnea; patient-centeredness; patient-reported outcome measure; quality of life.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Controlled Before-After Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands
  • Patient Compliance
  • Patient Reported Outcome Measures*
  • Quality of Life*
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / therapy*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*