Pepper yellow leaf curl Aceh virus: a novel bipartite begomovirus isolated from chili pepper, tomato, and tobacco plants in Indonesia

Arch Virol. 2019 Sep;164(9):2379-2383. doi: 10.1007/s00705-019-04316-8. Epub 2019 Jun 15.


During 2017, leaf samples of chili pepper (Capsicum annuum), tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), and tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) plants exhibiting yellowing and curling symptoms were collected from Aceh province, Indonesia. These samples were used to isolate and sequence viral genomic DNA. Six isolates with complete DNA-A and DNA-B sequences of begomovirus were obtained, all of which showed >99% sequence identity to the others. DNA-A sequences shared the highest nucleotide sequence identity (89.3%-89.7%) with monopartite pepper yellow leaf curl Indonesia virus 2 (PepYLCIV2) and the second-highest sequence identity (87.3%-87.4%) with bipartite pepper yellow leaf curl Indonesia virus (PepYLCIV). The DNA-B sequences shared the highest nucleotide sequence identity (95%-97.5%) with PepYLCIV. Results of recombination analysis indicated that the novel begomovirus was a recombinant. In accordance with the guidelines for begomovirus species demarcation, these isolates should be assigned to a new species, and we have proposed the name ''pepper yellow leaf curl Aceh virus'' (PepYLCAV) for this virus.

MeSH terms

  • Begomovirus / classification
  • Begomovirus / genetics
  • Begomovirus / isolation & purification*
  • Capsicum / virology*
  • Genome, Viral
  • Indonesia
  • Phylogeny
  • Plant Diseases / virology*
  • Recombination, Genetic
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Solanum lycopersicum / virology*
  • Tobacco / virology*