Experimental Brucella abortus infection in pigs

Vet Microbiol. 1987 Sep;14(4):365-79. doi: 10.1016/0378-1135(87)90028-9.


Sixteen pigs inoculated by the intra-conjunctival, intravenous or subcutaneous routes with Brucella abortus Strain 544 developed a short-lived infection usually accompanied by conjunctival and vaginal excretion of the organism for up to 99 days post-inoculation. Serological tests performed by the agglutination, complement fixation, Rose Bengal plate, antiglobulin, immunodiffusion or ELISA procedures with B. abortus antigens disclosed wide variations in the antibody responses of individual animals. In some cases the serological tests were negative even though the animal was shown to be excreting B. abortus. The intradermal test for delayed hypersensitivity to Brucella antigens gave more consistent results, especially when supported by histological evaluation of the skin reactions.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Bacterial / analysis
  • Brucella abortus / growth & development
  • Brucella abortus / immunology
  • Brucella abortus / isolation & purification
  • Brucellosis / diagnosis
  • Brucellosis / microbiology
  • Brucellosis / veterinary*
  • Disease Susceptibility
  • Female
  • Hypersensitivity, Delayed / veterinary
  • Intradermal Tests / veterinary
  • Male
  • Swine
  • Swine Diseases / diagnosis
  • Swine Diseases / microbiology*


  • Antibodies, Bacterial