Objective: To evaluate the effects of 24-week exergame intervention in the physical fitness of women with fibromyalgia in both single- and dual-task conditions.
Design: Single-blinded, randomized controlled trial.
Setting: University facilities.
Participants: Fifty-five women with fibromyalgia, recruited from the local fibromyalgia association, were randomly assigned to one of the two groups: exercise group and control group.
Intervention: The exercise group completed 24 weeks of supervised and group-based exergame protocol, divided into two sessions of 60 minutes. The intervention was focused on mobility, postural control, upper and lower limbs coordination, aerobic fitness, and strength.
Main outcome measures: The strength of the upper limbs was measured using the arm curl test. The mobility skill was assessed through the timed-up and go test, and the flexibility of both upper and lower limbs was measured using the back scratch and the sit and reach tests, respectively.
Results: Fifty participants completed the study. In the single-task condition, exergame intervention led to significantly higher effects in the arm curl test (P = 0.008), sit and reach test (P = 0.033), and timed-up and go test (P = 0.021). Moreover, under dual-task condition, exergames led to significant effects in all the physical fitness tests (arm curl test, timed-up and go test, back scratch test, and sit and reach test) compared to the control group.
Conclusions: Exergame is an effective tool to improve the physical fitness in women with fibromyalgia under single or dual-task conditions.
Keywords: dual-task; exercise; exergame; physical fitness; virtual reality.
© 2019 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.