Purification and characterization of two constitutive cytochromes P-450 (F-1 and F-2) from adult female rats: identification of P-450F-1 as the phenobarbital-inducible cytochrome P-450 in male rat liver

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1987 Dec 18;916(3):358-67. doi: 10.1016/0167-4838(87)90181-6.


Two hepatic microsomal cytochromes P-450, P-450F-1 and P-450F-2 were purified to electrophoretic homogeneity from untreated adult female rats by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with anion-exchange, cation-exchange, and hydroxyapatite columns. Cytochromes P-450F-1 and P-450F-2 were not adsorbed with the anion-exchange column, but were retained on a cation-exchange column and were separated poorly. These forms separated on hydroxyapatite HPLC. The molecular weights of cytochromes P-450F-1 and P-450F-2 were 50,000 and 49,000, respectively. The absolute spectrum of the oxidized forms indicated that they had the low-spin state of heme, and the CO-reduced spectral maxima of cytochromes P-450F-1 and P-450F-2 were at 450 and 448 nm, respectively. Both forms catalyzed the N-demethylation of benzphetamine and had low catalytic activity for 7-ethoxycoumarin. Cytochrome P-450F-1 had low 2 alpha-hydroxylation activity toward testosterone. Cytochrome P-450F-2 had low 15 alpha-hydroxylation activity. On the basis of these results and those of NH2-terminal sequence analysis, cytochrome P-450F-2 seemed to be the typical female-specific cytochrome P-450. The NH2-terminal sequence of cytochrome P-450F-1 was identical to that of cytochrome P-450PB-2 purified from hepatic microsomes of male rats treated with phenobarbital. Cytochromes P-450F-1 and P-450PB-2 had identical chromatographic properties, minimum molecular weight, spectral properties, and peptide maps. Furthermore, the antibody to phenobarbital-inducible cytochrome P-450PB-2 gave a single immunoprecipitin band with cytochrome P-450F-1 by Ouchterlony double-diffusion analysis.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / biosynthesis
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / isolation & purification*
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Female
  • Immunodiffusion
  • Isoenzymes / isolation & purification*
  • Liver / enzymology*
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phenobarbital / pharmacology*
  • Rats


  • Isoenzymes
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Phenobarbital