Association of trans fatty acids with lipids and other cardiovascular risk factors in an Indian industrial population

BMC Res Notes. 2019 Jun 17;12(1):342. doi: 10.1186/s13104-019-4352-7.


Objective: Trans-fat, an invariable component of industrial fat is considered as one of the major dietary factors associated with CVD. Although the use of trans-fat is completely banned in some of the high-income countries where the CVD epidemic is declining, it is widely used in LMIC. We aimed to investigate the association of trans fatty acid in serum with risk markers of CVD in an industrial population in India. Participants were randomly selected from a study conducted in an industrial setting among employees and their family members. Information related to their demographic profile, anthropometric measurements, oil intake were recorded. Fasting samples were collected and stored at - 80 °C for analysis. Their lipid profile and hs CRP were measured and fatty acids analyzed using gas chromatography (GC) with flame ionization detector (FID).

Results: Complete data was available for 176 participants. Among trans fatty acids, mono trans fatty acid was significant predictor of serum triglycerides [Unadjusted β (95% CI) 22.9 (2.6, 43.2); Adjusted β (95% CI) 20.4 (3.5, 37.3)]. None of the other trans fatty acids either individually or in group correlated with any of the biochemical markers studied.

Keywords: Lipids; Monounsaturated fatty acid; Polyunsaturated fatty acid; Saturated fatty acid; Trans fatty acid; hs CRP.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / blood*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / diagnosis
  • Chromatography, Gas
  • Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated / blood*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • India
  • Industry
  • Lipids / blood*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Trans Fatty Acids / blood*
  • Triglycerides / blood*
  • Young Adult


  • Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated
  • Lipids
  • Trans Fatty Acids
  • Triglycerides