Ultrasonic, hydrodynamic and microwave biodiesel synthesis - A comparative study for continuous process

Ultrason Sonochem. 2019 Oct:57:38-47. doi: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2019.05.011. Epub 2019 May 10.


At this time biodiesel appears to be a viable proposition as a renewable energy source and an alternative to fossil-based fuels. Following many years of research, the use of process intensification techniques for the production of biodiesel is well documented. This work has focused more on a study of biodiesel production using continuous flow systems assisted by acoustic cavitation (ultrasonic or hydrodynamic) or microwaves. The target end user is the small or medium farm where such equipment could provide sufficient fuel for on-site agricultural machinery using renewable or waste green materials produced on site.

Keywords: Biodiesel; Continuous reactor; Hydrodynamic cavitation; Microwaves; Ultrasound assisted process.