Adapting treatment and follow-up according to the risk of recurrence and/or death from thyroid cancer is a relatively recent concept of "personnalized" medicine, developed particularly to avoid overtreatment of low-risk thyroid cancer which represents the majority of thyroid cancers diagnosed in the world today. For low-risk thyroid cancer, this decrease in extent of treatment involves the extent of surgery-total thyroidectomy, lobectomy or no surgery with active surveillance-but also the indications, doses and methods of stimulation when or if administering radioactive iodine (RAI), the indication for suppressive thyroxin therapy and the extent and modalities for follow-up that should be adapted to the risk of recurrence. The aim is to optimize medical resources and quality of life, particularly for low-risk patients whose life expectancy is that of the general population.
Keywords: active surveillance; dynamic risk assessment; thyroid cancer.
Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Ltd.