Self-management and health related quality of life in persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Qual Life Res. 2019 Nov;28(11):2889-2899. doi: 10.1007/s11136-019-02231-8. Epub 2019 Jun 18.

Abstract

Purpose: Although it is well-known that persons with COPD experience lower health related quality of life (HRQoL), little is known about the importance of self-management related domains on HRQoL in persons with COPD. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine associations between self-management related domains and HRQoL, adjusting for sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, self-efficacy, and sense of coherence.

Methods: Cross-sectional data of 225 persons with COPD, recruited from a hospital register, were analyzed. Self-management related domains were measured using the Health education impact questionnaire (heiQ) and HRQoL was measured using the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ). Multiple linear regression analysis was used.

Results: The final models showed significant associations between the self-management domains constructive attitudes and approaches and emotional distress and HRQoL. Dyspnea, number of comorbidities, self-efficacy, and the various self-management related domains explained 51.3 to 55.1% of the variance in HRQoL.

Conclusions: The findings suggest that addressing self-management related domains, in addition to self-efficacy, dyspnea, and comorbidities, may be of importance for enhancement of HRQoL in persons with COPD.

Keywords: Comorbidity; Dyspnea; Health education impact questionnaire; Self-efficacy; Sense of coherence.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / psychology*
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / therapy*
  • Quality of Life / psychology*
  • Self-Management