Objective: To examine the expression level of microRNA-485-5p (miRNA-485-5p) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its biological function in regulating the proliferative ability of AML through targeting SALL4.
Patients and methods: Serum level of miRNA-485-5p in AML patients and healthy controls was determined by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). MiRNA-485-5p level in AML cell lines was detected by qRT-PCR as well. Proliferative and apoptotic changes in AML5 and U937 cells overexpressing miRNA-485-5p were assessed. Subsequently, the regulatory effect of miRNA-485-5p on SALL4 level was evaluated. Rescue experiments were conducted to uncover the role of miRNA-485-5p/SALL4 regulatory loop in regulating cellular behaviors of AML.
Results: Compared with healthy controls, serum level of miRNA-485-5p was lower in AML patients. MiRNA-485-5p was similarly downregulated in AML cell lines. Overexpression of miRNA-485-5p stimulated proliferation and alleviated apoptosis in AML. SALL4 level was downregulated by transfection of miRNA-485-5p mimics in AML5 and U937 cells. Overexpression of SALL4 could reverse the regulatory effect of miRNA-485-5p on proliferative and apoptotic abilities of AML.
Conclusions: MiRNA-485-5p is downregulated in AML. Overexpression of miRNA-485-5p alleviates the malignant progression of AML through downregulating SALL4.