Live-Attenuated Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccine With Deletion of RNA Synthesis Regulatory Protein M2-2 and Cold Passage Mutations Is Overattenuated

Open Forum Infect Dis. 2019 May 6;6(6):ofz212. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofz212. eCollection 2019 Jun.


Background: The live respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) candidate vaccine LIDcpΔM2-2 is attenuated through deletion of M2-2 and 5 cold-passage mutations.

Methods: RSV-seronegative children aged 6-24 months received a single intranasal dose of 105 plaque-forming units (PFU) of LIDcpΔM2-2 or placebo. RSV serum antibodies, vaccine infectivity, and reactogenicity were assessed.

Results: Four of 11 (36%) vaccinees shed vaccine virus with median peak titers of 1.6 log10 PFU/mL by quantitative culture and 4.5 log10 copies/mL by polymerase chain reaction; 45% had ≥4-fold rise in serum-neutralizing antibodies. Respiratory symptoms or fever were common in vaccinees (64%) and placebo recipients (6/6, 100%).

Conclusions: RSV LIDcpΔM2-2 is overattenuated. Clinical Trial Numbers. NCT02890381, NCT02948127.

Keywords: RNA regulatory protein M2-2; immunogenicity; live-attenuated viral vaccine; neutralizing antibodies; pediatric RSV vaccine; respiratory syncytial virus.

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