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. 2019 Aug;61:124-128.
doi: 10.1016/j.canep.2019.06.001. Epub 2019 Jun 15.

Net Survival in Recurrence-Free Colon Cancer Patients

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Net Survival in Recurrence-Free Colon Cancer Patients

Antoine Drouillard et al. Cancer Epidemiol. .

Abstract

Purpose: Conditional net survival in recurrence-free patients (CNS-RF) provides relevant clinical information and has never been assessed yet in a non-selected colon cancer population. We aimed to estimate conditional 5-year net survival in recurrence-free patients with colon cancer in the population-based Digestive Cancer Registry of Burgundy (France).

Methods: CNS-RF was estimated in the 3736 patients resected for cure for primary colon cancer between 1976 and 2006, using a flexible parametric model of net survival for every additional year survived at diagnosis and from 1 to 5 years thereafter.

Results: The net probability of surviving 5 more years increased from 72% at diagnosis to 92% for recurrence-free patients who survived 5 years after diagnosis. CNS-RF was over 90% 3 years after diagnosis in patients aged 75 and below. CNS-RF was over 95% in patients diagnosed after 2000 who were recurrence-free 3, 4 or 5 years after diagnosis. CNS-RF was similar between patients with stage I and II disease from 2 years after diagnosis and patients with stage III disease from 5 years after diagnosis. The initial differences in net survival related to gross features, clinical presentation, number of harvested nodes in stage II, and number of involved nodes in stage III disappeared after 2 years.

Conclusions: CNS-RF is a relevant measure of prognosis in patients who have already achieved a period of remission. Providing an updated estimation of prognosis in the years following diagnosis may improve the survivors' quality of life and access to credit or insurance.

Keywords: Cancer registry; Colon cancer; Conditional net survival; Population-based study; Recurrence-free.

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