Comparison between the new fully automated viscoelastic coagulation analysers TEG 6s and ROTEM Sigma in trauma patients: A prospective observational study

Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2019 Nov;36(11):834-842. doi: 10.1097/EJA.0000000000001032.


Background: Viscoelastic coagulation testing is increasingly used to diagnose trauma-induced coagulopathy. Two fully automated analysers, TEG 6s and ROTEM Sigma, were launched recently. No previous studies have compared these devices in trauma paients.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether both fully automatic devices deliver comparable results.

Design: Prospective observational study.

Setting: Level one trauma centre from August 2017 to September 2018.

Patients: A total of 105 blood samples from 67 trauma patients were analysed simultaneously on TEG 6s and ROTEM Sigma.

Main outcome measures: TEG 6s assays kaolin (CK), RapidTEG (CRT), kaolin with heparinase (CKH) and functional fibrinogen were compared with ROTEM Sigma assays INTEM, EXTEM, HEPTEM and FIBTEM. TEG 6s functional fibrinogen level was compared with plasma fibrinogen concentration, measured using the Clauss method. Correlations were classified as weak (Spearman correlation coefficient 0.20 to 0.39), moderate (0.40 to 0.59), strong (0.60 to 0.79) or very strong (≥0.80).

Results: The TEG 6s parameters reaction time, kinetic time and α-angle (CK, CRT and CKH assays) mostly showed strong correlations with the corresponding ROTEM parameters clotting time, clot formation time and α-angle (INTEM, EXTEM and HEPTEM assays). The exceptions were CRT reaction time vs. EXTEM clotting time, and CK α-angle vs. INTEM α-angle, which correlated moderately. Absolute values for many of these parameters showed significant differences between the two devices. Very strong correlations and similar absolute values were observed between TEG 6s maximum amplitude (CRT, CK and CKH assays) and ROTEM maximum clot firmness (EXTEM, INTEM and HEPTEM assays). Correlations were also very strong for functional fibrinogen maximum amplitude vs. FIBTEM maximum clot firmness and functional fibrinogen level vs. Clauss fibrinogen concentration, but absolute values were significantly different.

Conclusion: Strong to very strong correlations were observed between corresponding TEG 6s and ROTEM Sigma parameters. However, absolute values showed significant differences for most of the measurements.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Coagulation / physiology*
  • Blood Coagulation Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Blood Coagulation Disorders / etiology
  • Blood Coagulation Tests*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Thrombelastography / instrumentation*
  • Wounds and Injuries / complications