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, 56 (2), 127-132

A Study of Creating Face Photographs Set Including Different Levels of Attractiveness


A Study of Creating Face Photographs Set Including Different Levels of Attractiveness

Özlem Ertan-Kaya et al. Noro Psikiyatr Ars.


Introduction: This study was aimed to create a set of photographs including human faces with neutral expression and different levels of attractiveness that can be utilized scientifically by different disciplines and for different scopes.

Methods: In total, 186 students (120 females, 66 males) volunteered to be photographed in passport style with a neutral expression. In these pictures there was no make-up, earring, or piercing. These photographs were evaluated by the participants for the neutrality and attractiveness. The secondary sex characteristics of the faces were also assessed.

Results: Symmetrical faces were created by taking the mirror image of the right and left sides of the faces because sufficient number of photographs could not be obtained at the first stage. According to the evaluations of these photographs by the participants, 26 attractive (13 females, 13 males) and 26 average (13 females, 13 male) faces were selected for the final set.

Conclusion: Finally, a set of 52 photographs representing human faces with neutral expression with different levels of attractiveness is developed. According to the measurement of the secondary sexual characteristics, attractive and average faces differ in terms of the width of the eyes, the nasal area, and the length of the chin. Thus, a scientific-based FaceSet including different levels of the attractiveness has been available for the use by those concerned.

Keywords: Facial attractiveness; face photographs set; neutral faces; secondary sexual characteristic; symmetry.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of Interest: The authors declared that there was no conflict of interest.


Figure 1
Figure 1
The percentage distribution of the attractive and average photographs by gender groups
Figure 2
Figure 2
Samples of the male and female photographs of each category in the FaceSet (the approval of the models was obtained).
Figure 3
Figure 3
The parameters and schematic representation of the secondary sexual characteristics The parameters of the secondary sexual characteristics: 1) width of eyes (distance between the inner and outer corner of the eye), 2) width of the pupil (ratio of the measured diameter of the pupil to the measured diameter of the iris – width of the face at cheekbones), 3) width of iris (measured diameter – width of the face at cheekbones), 4) width of face at cheekbones (distance between the right and the left of the face at cheekbones), 5) width of the nose (width of nose at outer edges of nostrils at widest point), 6) length of the nose (measured from forehead bridge at level of upper edge of visible eye to nose tip), 7) length of the chin (distance from lower edge of lower lip to base of chin – length of face), 8) width of face at mouth (distance between the right and the left of the face at mouth), 9) length of the face (distance from top of the forehead to base of chin), 10) nose area (the product of the length of the nose and width of the nose – length of the face), 11) cheekbone prominence (difference between the width of the face at the cheekbones, and the width of the face at the mouth –length of the face). A photograph in the FaceSet that approval by the model is used as a background.

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