Introduction: Diabetes is associated with anxiety and depression. Resveratrol, one of the most potent natural polyphenols with antioxidant properties, has been demonstrated to have benefits against diabetes. In the current study, we investigated the effects of resveratrol on depression and anxiety-like behaviors in diabetic rats.
Methods: Adult male Wistar albino rats were assigned for control and diabetic groups, and these groups were divided into four subgroups as follows: Saline-treated, DMSO-treated, resveratrol-treated and imipramine-treated animals (n=10). Diabetes was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) (50 mg/kg), and 2 days after the STZ injection the rats having hyperglycemia (>300 mg/dl) were assigned to be diabetic. Rats in treatment groups were injected intraperitoneally with resveratrol (20 mg/kg) and imipramine (10 mg/kg) for 4 weeks. After 4-week-treatment period, tail suspension test (TST), forced swimming test (FST), elevated plus maze test (EPM) and locomotor activity test were performed. Blood samples were collected to estimate serum superoxide dismutase (SOD) and NADPH oxidase (Nox) levels.
Results: Diabetic rats displayed depressive-like behaviors in the FST and TST, and anxiety-like behaviors in the EPM. Resveratrol and imipramine decreased anxiety-like and depressive-like behaviors without affecting locomotor activity in diabetic rats. A significant reduction in SOD levels and a marked increase in Nox levels were observed in diabetic rats. Resveratrol treatment normalized these levels, while imipramine did not affect neither SOD nor Nox levels.
Conclusion: This study indicates that chronic resveratrol treatment may able to treat comorbid anxiety-and depressive-like behaviors in diabetes through inhibition of oxidative stress.
Keywords: Diabetes; anxiety; depression; resveratrol.