Inducible endothelial functions in inflammation and coagulation

Semin Thromb Hemost. 1987 Oct;13(4):425-33. doi: 10.1055/s-2007-1003519.


The studies discussed have established that inflammatory or immune cytokines, such as IL-1, TNF, and LT, as well as bacterial endotoxin, can act directly on vascular endothelial cells to modulate two important functional properties. The first of these, the inducible expression of E-LAMs, provides a mechanism for the local regulation of leukocyte-vessel wall interactions. This endothelial-dependent mechanism may be relevant to a broad spectrum of pathologic processes, including inflammation, delayed hypersensitivity reactions, and atherogenesis. The second, modulation of endothelial tissue factor PCA and fibrinolytic components, has important implications for the local balance of prothrombotic and antithrombotic influences at the blood-vessel wall interface. Thus, under the influence of inflammatory stimuli, vascular endothelial cells may actively contribute to the development and maintenance of intravascular or perivascular fibrin. Although the endothelial effector mechanisms of these functional alterations are distinct, their induction by similar stimuli points to important interrelationships of leukocyte-vessel wall adhesion and thrombosis. Further understanding of the regulation of endothelial expression of E-LAMs and coagulant properties should contribute to our understanding of vascular disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Coagulation*
  • Cell Adhesion / drug effects
  • Endothelium, Vascular / drug effects
  • Endothelium, Vascular / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / physiopathology*
  • Leukocytes / drug effects
  • Leukocytes / physiology*
  • Lymphokines / pharmacology
  • Tissue Plasminogen Activator / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Tissue Plasminogen Activator / biosynthesis


  • Lymphokines
  • Tissue Plasminogen Activator