The Dentate Gyrus and Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: An "Exciting" Era

Epilepsy Curr. 2019 Jul-Aug;19(4):249-255. doi: 10.1177/1535759719855952. Epub 2019 Jun 24.


This review describes developments in epilepsy research during the last 3 to 4 decades that focused on the dentate gyrus (DG) and its role in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). The emphasis is on basic research in laboratory animals and is chronological, starting with hypotheses that attracted a lot of attention in the 1980s. Then experiments are described that addressed the questions, as well as new methods that often made the experiments possible. In addition, where new questions arose and the implications for clinical epilepsy are discussed.

Keywords: HIPP cell; adult neurogenesis; hilus; mossy cell; mossy fiber sprouting; seizure.