Background: Most of the previous studies combined all types of intramedullary ependymomas without providing accurate pathological subtypes. In addition, it was very difficult to evaluate the factors associated with postoperative outcomes of patients with different pathological subtypes of intramedullary Grade II ependymomas by traditional meta-analysis. This study evaluated the factors related with postoperative outcomes of patients with intramedullary Grade II ependymomas.
Methods: Individual patient data analysis was performed using PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. The search included articles published up to April 2018 with no lower date limit on the search results. The topics were intramedullary Grade II ependymomas. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis (log-rank test). The level of significance was set at P < .05.
Results: A total of 21 studies with 70 patients were included in this article. PFS of patients who underwent total resection was much longer than the PFS of those who received subtotal resection (P < .001). Patients who received adjuvant therapy (P = .005) or radiotherapy and chemotherapy (P < .001) seemed to have shorter PFS than others; PFS of patients who had cerebrospinal fluid disease dissemination (P = .022) or scoliosis (P = .001) were significantly shorter than others. OS of cellular ependymoma patients was less than giant cell ependymoma patients (P < .001).
Conclusions: PFS of patients who received total resection was much longer than those who received subtotal resection. Patients treated with adjuvant therapy or radiotherapy and chemotherapy appeared to have shorter PFS than others; PFS of patients with cerebrospinal fluid disease dissemination or scoliosis were significantly shorter than others. Cellular ependymomas would have better OS than giant cell ependymoma. However, giant cell ependymoma patients might have the worst OS.